How To Allow AWS IAM Users EBS Snapshot Create And Delete Access

Author: , July 29th, 2021

SUMMARY: Needed to create an AWS IAM Policy to allow a user access to create and delete EBS snapshots. This script also needed to be able to list volumes:

How To Allow IAM Users AWS CDN Read/Write Access For W3 Total Cache

Author: , July 28th, 2021

SUMMARY: Needed to create an AWS IAM Policy to allow a user access to two buckets and their associated CDN’s in WordPress W3 Total Cache

How To Fix Email Service Unavailable Delivery Issues with IPv6 on Amazon Linux

Author: , July 16th, 2021

PROBLEM: Email delivery to Google was failing with a “Service Unavailable” error:

Note that the network address for the destination is shown as IPv6! That is the root cause of the issue: 1. Sendmail is sending mail from the IPv6 address instead of the IPv4 address 2. Google rejects IPv6 senders without proper reverse […]

How To Expand an NVMe EBS Volumes After a Disk Resize on Amazon Linux

Author: , February 19th, 2021

First, use lsblk to see the raw partitions:

Note how the partition at 259:1 is only 20GB, while the entire disk at 259:0 is 40GB. A partition resize is required in this case.

For an EXT4 filesystem, use the resize2fs command instead:

For more information, please visit the AMW Docs: https://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/recognize-expanded-volume-linux.html

How To Downgrade PIP After Upgrade on Amazon Linux

Author: , March 25th, 2020

I tried upgrading pip when prompted to do so: sudo pip install –upgrade pip This worked, but removed the system install in /usr/bin/pip and replaced it with /usr/local/bin/pip – NOT GOOD! The solution is as follows:

How To Block All Traffic From China Using iptables and ipset on Amazon Linux

Author: , October 24th, 2019

All credit to Matt Wilcox for this excellent article, for which this post is based – thank you, Matt! https://mattwilcox.net/web-development/unexpected-ddos-blocking-china-with-ipset-and-iptables/ All commands run as root!

Do this once only:

Then add blockchina to the root cron

How To Sync Box to S3 Using rclone

Author: , October 3rd, 2019

To sync various cloud resources, use the excellent cli tool rclone from https://rclone.org/docs/ For this use case, the need was to sync from Box to an AWS S3 bucket. Install rclone:

Configure both S3 and Box – for remote name labels I just used “S3” and “Box”:

Validate Access and Functionality:

Perform […]

How To Upgrade PHP on AWS Linux

Author: , August 22nd, 2019

As root:

~or~

THEN:

Be sure to restart your web server!!

How To Obtain a Public Key from an AWS .pem Private Key on Linux and Mac

Author: , February 4th, 2019

Use the ssh-keygen command on a computer to which you’ve downloaded your private key .pem file; for example: First, ensure permissions will allow ssh-keygen to work: chmod 600 /path/to/the/file/your-key-pair.pem Then generate an RSA public key: ssh-keygen -y -f /path/to/the/file/your-key-pair.pem > your-key-pair.pub

How To Locate Attached Disk Devices in Linux

Author: , April 24th, 2018

https://linux.die.net/man/8/lsblk # lsblk -a